ISSN:2147-7841 English

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Abstract


The Role of the Tercüman Newspaper in the National and Civil Awareness of Russian Turks and Muslims
İsmail Gaspıralı and the Tercüman Newspaper which he distributed made a great effort and struggle to raise the national and civilian levels of the Muslims of Russia, to make the education in the European style, to advance the education and rights of women, to organize the religious institutions, to form a common Turkish that could unite all the Turks. Tercüman Newspaper is a very important newspaper in Russia for the Turks and Muslims of Russia, which can stay in the longest broadcasting life, enlighten the people, aims to purge the people from the old ideas and wages ignorance. İsmail Gaspıralı has published essays and articles in Tercüman Newspaper in order to realize the ideal of unity in language, opinion and work. Issues such as education, girls' education, etc. were frequently included in the newspaper. Tercüman Newspaper has made great contributions to raising public awareness and enlightenment in order to aim at learning how to read and write more easily by shifting new methods in education. In addition, many papers and articles related to the Ottoman Empire were published in newspapers. İsmail Gaspıralı took the Ottoman State as an example for the Muslims of Russia. Because, at that time, the Ottoman state was the most advanced state among many Muslim communities. This article begins with giving information about İsmail Gaspıralı, who disseminates the Tercüman newspaper, and gives detailed information about Tercüman Newspaper. Afterwards, information about the sections and the contents of the Tercüman Newspaper is given and the study ends with the aim of the Tercüman Newspaper, its language, the importance it attaches to education, and the articles in the newspaper.

Keywords
İsmail Gaspıralı, Tercüman Newspaper, Common Turkish, Ceditçilik


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    Eylül 2018 sayısı

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